Publications

Browse publications authored by members of Open Lab around the field of Digital Civics.

Large scale population assessment of physical activity using wrist worn accelerometers: the UK Biobank study

Aiden Doherty, Dan Jackson, Nils Hammerla, Thomas Plotz, Patrick Olivier, Malcolm Granat, Tom White, Vincent van Hees, Michael Trenell, Christopher Owen, Stephen Preece, Rob Gillions, Simon Sheard, Tim Packman, Soren Brage, Nicholas Wareham


Physical activity has not been objectively measured in prospective cohorts with sufficiently large numbers to reliably detect associations with multiple health outcomes.

A study of wrist-worn activity measurement as a potential real-world biomarker for late life depression

John O’Brien, Peter Gallagher, Daniel Stow, Nils Hammerla, Thomas Ploetz, Michael Firbank, Cassim Ladha, Karim Ladha, Dan Jackson, Roisin McNaney, Nicol Ferrier, Patrick Olivier


Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with a decline in physical activity. Typically this is assessed by self-report questionnaires and,

TableTalk: integrating personal devices and content for commensal experiences at the family dinner table

Hasan Shahid Ferdous, Bernd Ploderer, Hilary Davis, Frank Vetere, Kenton O’Hara, Geremy Farr-Wharton, Rob Comber


This paper joins the ubiquitous computing scholarship that investigates the use of technologies in collocated shared settings like family mealtime. Family mealtimes are an important site for fostering togetherness, sharing everyday experiences,

Virtual.Cultural.Collaboration: mobile phones, video technology, and cross-cultural learning

Vidya Sarangapani, Ahmed Kharrufa, Madeline Balaam, David Leat, Pete Wright


Cross-cultural learning has gained increased interest and importance within school curricula in recent years. Schools are using technology to accumulate resources for cross-cultural learning,

Automated video-based assessment of surgical skills for training and evaluation in medical schools

Aneeq Zia, Yachna Sharma, Vinay Bettadapura, Eric Sarin, Thomas Ploetz, Mark Clements, Irfan Essa


Routine evaluation of basic surgical skills in medical schools requires considerable time and effort from supervising faculty. For each surgical trainee, a supervisor has to observe the trainees in person. Alternatively, supervisors may use training videos,

Comparison of INTAKE24 (an online 24-h dietary recall tool) with interviewer-led 24-h recall in 11–24 year-old

Jennifer Bradley, Emma Simpson, Ivan Poliakov, John Matthews, Patrick Olivier, Ashley Adamson, Emma Foster


Online dietary assessment tools offer a convenient, low cost alternative to traditional dietary assessment methods such as weighed records and face-to-face interviewer-led 24-h recalls. INTAKE24 is an online multiple pass 24-h recall tool developed for use with 11–24 year-old.

SOLE meets MOOC: designing infrastructure for online self-organised learning with a social mission

Hanna Celina, Ahmed Kharrufa, Anne Preston, Rob Comber, Patrick Olivier


We present the design, deployment and evaluation of three configurations of an online learning activity for would-be social innovators and activists, with the aim of understanding the factors that are critical to the design of an infrastructure to support such communities of learners.

Situated encounters with socially engaged art in community-based design

Rachel Clarke, Jo Briggs, Ann Light, Pete Wright


With the increased relevance of digital technologies in civil life comes the challenge of how to design research for citizen engagement. Drawing from three reflexive case studies presenting socially engaged arts (SEA) projects, we describe how, as artists,

Anti-solutionist strategies: seriously silly design fiction

Mark Blythe, Kristina Andersen, Rachel Clarke, Pete Wright


Much of the academic and commercial work that seeks to innovate around technology has been dismissed as “solutionist” because it solves problems that don’t exist or ignores the complexity of personal, political and environmental issues. This paper traces the “solutionism” critique to its origins in city planning and highlights the original concern with imaging and representation in the design process.

ResViz: politics and design issues in visualising academic metrics

Chris Elsden, Sebastian Mellor, Patrick Olivier, Pete Wheldon, Dave Kirk, Rob Comber


The use of data and metrics on a professional and personal level has led to considerable discourse around the performative power and politics of ‘big data’ and data visualisation, with academia being no exception.

HCI and intimate care as an agenda for change in women's health

Teresa Almeida, Rob Comber, Madeline Balaam


Designing for women’s healthcare remains an underexplored area of HCI, particularly outside informational systems for maternal health. Drawing on a case study of a body disruption – urinary incontinence in women – we illustrate the experience of women’s health both from the perspective of the patient and the therapist.

The art of everyday food science: foraging for design opportunities

Stacey Kuznetsov, Christina Santana, Elenore Long, Rob Comber, Carl DiSalvo


This workshop will examine everyday food science practices such as fermenting, brewing, or pickling edible materials, as well as foraging, bartering, or dumpster diving for food. We hope to gather a diverse group of HCI researchers,

On looking at the vagina through labella

Teresa Almeida, Rob Comber, Gavin Wood, Dean Saraf, Madeline Balaam


Women’s understandings of their own intimate anatomy has been identified as critical to women’s reproductive health and sexual wellbeing. However, talking about it, seeking medical help when necessary as well as examining oneself in order to ‘know’

Ethical encounters in human-computer interaction

Jenny Waycott, Cosmin Munteanu, Hilary Davis, Anja Thieme, Wendy Moncur, Roisin McNaney, John Vines, Stacy Branham


In the HCI community, there is growing recognition that a reflective and empathetic approach is needed to conduct ethical research in sensitive settings with people who might be considered vulnerable or marginalized.

Expressy: using a wrist-worn inertial measurement unit to add expressiveness to touch-based interactions

Gerry Wilkinson, Ahmed Kharrufa, Jonathan Hook, Bradley Pursglove, Gavin Wood, Hendrik Haeuser, Nils Hammerla, Steve Hodges, Patrick Olivier


Expressiveness, which we define as the extent to which rich and complex intent can be conveyed through action, is a vital aspect of many human interactions.

Our year with the glass: expectations, letdowns and ethical dilemmas of technology trials with vulnerable people

John Vines, Roisin McNaney, Amey Holden, Ivan Poliakov, Pete WrightPatrick Olivier


In this paper, we reflect upon the ethical dilemmas faced during our research exploring the potential of Google Glass as a self-care technology for people with Parkinson’s.

Syrian refugees and digital health in Lebanon: opportunities for improving antenatal health

Reem Talhouk, Sandra Mesmer, Anja Thieme, Madeline Balaam, Patrick Olivier, Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas


There are currently over 1.1 million Syrian refugees in need of healthcare services from an already overstretched Lebanese healthcare system. Access to antenatal care (ANC) services presents a particular challenge.

A real-time IVR platform for community radio

Konstantinos Kazakos, Siddhartha Asthana, Madeline Balaam, Mona Duggal, Amey Holden, Limalemla Jamir, Nanda Kishore Kannuri, Saurabh Kumar, Amarendar Reddy Manindla, Subhashini Arcot Manikam, GVS Murthy, Papreen Nahar, Peter Phillimore, Shreyaswi Sathyanath, Pushpendra Singh, Meenu Singh, Pete Wright, Deepika Yadav, Patrick Olivier


Interactive Voice Response (IVR) platforms have been widely deployed in resource-limited settings.

App Movement: a platform for community commissioning of mobile applications

Andy Garbett, Rob Comber, Ed Jenkins, Patrick Olivier


There is an increasing demand to encourage inclusivity in the design of digital services. In response to this issue we have created App Movement, a platform that enables the promotion, collaborative design,

Managing multiple identities to combat stigmatisation in the digital age

Tom Feltwell, Shaun Lawson, Ben Kirman, John Vines


It has long been identified that people consciously curate, manage and maintain multiple online individual identities based on characteristics such as race, gender, and societal status; research has also established that people may choose to emphasise one such identity other another as a means to avoid stigmatisation,

Speeching: mobile crowdsourced speech assessment to support self-monitoring and management for people with parkinson's

Róisín McNaney, Mohammad Othman, Dan Richardson, Paul Dunphy, Telmo Almaral, Nick Miller, Helen Stringer, Patrick Olivier, John Vines


We present Speeching, a mobile application that uses crowdsourcing to support the self-monitoring and management of speech and voice issues for people with Parkinson’s (PwP).

Metadating: exploring the romance and future of personal data

Chris Elsden, Bettina Nissen, Andy Garbett, Dave Chatting, Dave Kirk, John Vines


We introduce Metadating — a future-focused research and speed-dating event where single participants were invited to “explore the romance of personal data”. Participants created “data profiles” about themselves, and used these to “date”

Challenges for designing new technology for health and wellbeing in a complex mental healthcare context

Anja Thieme, John McCarthy, Paula Johnson, Stephanie Phillips, Jayne Wallace, Siân Lindley, Karim Ladha, Daniel Jackson, Diana Nowacka, Ashur Rafiev, Cassim Ladha, Tom Nappey, Mathew Kipling, Pete Wright, Thomas Meyer, Patrick Olivier


This paper describes the challenges and lessons learned in the experience-centered design (ECD) of the Spheres of Wellbeing,

ThoughtCloud: exploring the role of feedback technologies in care organisations

Andy Dow, John Vines, Rob Comber, Rob Wilson


ThoughtCloud is a lightweight, situated, digital feedback system designed to allow voluntary and community sector care organisations to gather feedback and opinions from those who use their services. In this paper we describe the design and development of ThoughtCloud and its evaluation through a series of deployments with two organisations.

Accountable: exploring the inadequacies of transparent financial practice in the non-profit sector

Matt Marshall, Dave Kirk, John Vines


Increasingly, governments and organisations publish data on expenditure and finance as ‘open’ data in order to be more transparent to the public in how funding is spent. Accountable is a web-based tool that visualises and relates open financial data provided by local government and non-profit organisations (NPOs) in the UK.

Reflections on deploying distributed consultation technologies with community organisations

Ian Johnson, John Vines, Nick Taylor, Ed Jenkins, Justin Marshall


In recent years there has been an increased focus upon developing platforms for community decision-making, and an awareness of the importance of handing over civic platforms to community organisations to oversee the process of decision-making at a local level.

Digital Civics: citizen empowerment with and through technology

Vasilis Vlachokyriakos, Clara Crivellaro, Christopher Le Dantec, Eric Gordon, Pete Wright, Patrick Olivier


The current economic crisis has thrown the relationship between citizens, communities and the state into sharp relief. Digital Civics is an emerging cross-disciplinary area of research that seeking to understand the role that digital technologies can play in supporting relational models of service provision,

Re-making places: HCI, 'community building' and change

Clara Crivellaro, Alex Taylor, Vasilis Vlachokyriakos, Rob Comber, Bettina Nissen, Pete Wright


We present insights from an extended engagement and design intervention at an urban regeneration site in South East London. We describe the process of designing a walking trail and system for recording and playing back place-specific stories for those living and working on the housing estate,

Deep, convolutional, and recurrent models for human activity recognition using wearables

Nils Hammerla, Shane Halloran, Thomas Ploetz


Human activity recognition (HAR) in ubiquitous computing is beginning to adopt deep learning to substitute for well-established analysis techniques that rely on hand-crafted feature extraction and classification techniques. From these isolated applications of custom deep architectures it is, however, difficult to gain an overview of their suitability for problems ranging from the recognition of manipulative gestures to the segmentation and identification of physical activities like running or ascending stairs.

Getting our hands dirty: why academics should design metrics and address the lack of transparency

Chris Elsden, Sebastian Mellor, Rob Comber


Metrics in academia are often an opaque mess, filled with biases and ill-judged assumptions that are used in overly deterministic ways. By getting involved with their design, academics can productively push metrics in a more transparent direction. Using the metric of grant income,

Using disability law to expand academic freedom for disabled researchers in the United Kingdom

Reuben Kirkham, Mary Webster, Ko-Le Chen, John Vines


We consider the findings of a study of the experiences of Postgraduate Researchers with Disabilities and explore how this relates to academic freedom. Drawing upon the provisions of the Public Sector Equality Duty and Indirect Discrimination within the Equality Act (2010),

How did I do?: automatic skill assessment from activity data

Aftab Khan, Eugen Berlin, Sebastian Mellor, Robin Thompson, Nils Hammerla, Roisin McNaney, Patrick Olivier, Thomas Ploetz


Human activity recognition (HAR), i.e., the automated detection and classification of specific activities that a person pursues, is one of the core concerns of mobile and ubiquitous computing.

TryFilm: situated support for interactive media productions

Tom Bartindale, Guy Schofield, Clara Crivellaro, Pete Wright


The emergence of participatory, on-demand and interactive media is changing the media production landscape. Producing interactive media is often more complex than creating traditional linear films, resulting in increased pressure for production teams.

Optimising sampling rates for accelerometer-based human activity recognition

Aftab Khan, Nils Hammerla, Sebastian Mellor, Thomas Ploetz


Real-world deployments of accelerometer-based human activity recognition systems need to be carefully configured regarding the sampling rate used for measuring acceleration. Whilst a low sampling rate saves considerable energy, as well as transmission bandwidth and storage capacity, it is also prone to omitting relevant signal details that are of interest for contemporary analysis tasks.

Technology and the politics of mobility: evidence generation in accessible transport activism

Sunil Rodger, John Vines, Janice McLaughlin


Digital technologies offer the possibility of community empowerment via the reconfiguration of public services. This potential relies on actively involved citizens engaging with decision makers to pursue civic goals. In this paper we study one such group of involved citizens,

PosterVote: expanding the action repertoire for local political activism

Vasilis Vlachokyriakos, Rob ComberKarim Ladha, Nick Taylor, Paul Dunphy, Patrick McCorry, Patrick Olivier


Online and digital technologies support and extend the action repertoires of localised social movements. In this paper we examine the ways by which digital technologies can support “on-the-ground”

Attribute Gates

Ahmed Kharrufa, Patrick Olivier


Attribute gates are a new user interface element designed to address the problem of concurrently setting attributes and moving objects between territories on a digital tabletop. Motivated by the notion of task levels in activity theory, and crossing interfaces,